These factors can predispose people to have a periodontal disease

  • SMOKING                                                                                                                                                                                     The smokers are more likely to develop periodontal disease and they suffer it in its most severe form. Moreover the results of treatment in these patients tend to be less favorable and show a high incidence of disease recurrence

 

  • PREGNANCY                                                                                                                                                                 Pregnancy brings a series of hormonal changes that encourage a stronger response in the gingiva to dental plaque causing on it redness and an easy bleeding. It has been found that pregnant patients suffering from periodontal disease have a greater tendency to premature births and low birth weight babies,so periodontal assessment is recommended before planning a pregnancy.

 

  • STRESS                                                                                                                                                                                      The stress causes in some people the tendency to develop bruxism, an habit which consist in to clenching or grinding the teeth  (in an unconscious way). This habit applies excessive force to the teeth and can cause that bone that supports them be destroyed at a faster rate when there is periodontal disease.

 

  • MEDICATICATIONS                                                                                                                                                                   Some of the drugs used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure), epilepsy, and those used to prevent organ rejection, when the patient has received one, can cause an enlargement of the gingiva, which turns more difficult to perform a good oral hygiene and then develop periodontal disease. Another class of drugs that induce a predisposition to develop inflammation of the gingiva are the contraceptives.

 

  • DIABETES                                                                                                                                                                                   There is strong evidence that diabetic patients are more likely to suffer periodontal disease than non-diabetics. Besides an unattended periodontal disease makes it harder to keep a good control of diabetes, so the treatment of periodontal disease may help improve blood glucose levels in a diabetic patient